What is the Muslim Brotherhood? Al Jazeera investigates.
By D. Beeksma
On March 24, 2011 At 3:58 pm
Responses : No Comments
- Seven countries that include the death penalty for atheismDecember 10, 2012
- Malaysia debating on reclassifying female genital mutilation as a medical practiceDecember 7, 2012
- Republican Congressman refuses service to Muslim couple in his restaurantDecember 5, 2012
- Atheist oaths proposed for UK Boy ScoutsDecember 5, 2012
- Child marriages challenged in Malaysia after wedding of twelve year oldDecember 3, 2012
What is the Muslim Brotherhood?
Al Jazeera profiled the group (see video below, which this article summarizes).
The American media tends to portray the Muslim Brotherhood as a dangerous and violent force, but its leaders say that they are a benign social movement. Al Jazeera characterized the American media as "fear-mongers of the west."
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna. The Brotherhood's goal was to spread Islam from Spain to Indonesia. Their message was simple: "Islam is the solution." This message caught on.
About a decade after its inception, the Muslim Brotherhood began to interfere in politics and gained a reputation for violence when it targeted British operations in 1946 and assassinated the Egyptian prime minister in 1948. In a retaliation, the head of the movement was assassinated in 1949. In 1954, the Brotherhood was convicted of the attempt to assassinate Gamal Abdel Nasser, head of the Egyptian government. As a result, the movement was banned.
By the 1970s, the Muslim Brotherhood renounced violence and said that its focus would be on social justice and the promotion of Islam. The political views of the Brotherhood are fragmented and constantly evolving. Brotherhood organizations of different countries frequently disagree with one another.
Overall, the Muslim Brotherhood says that its attitudes toward Israel have changed over the years. The Brotherhood does not recognize Israel but says that it will not fight Israel or get involved with the Palestine issue because it is focused on the greater Islamic cause. This varies with statements made after the Egyptian uprising, when the deputy leader of the Brotherhood said the Brotherhood would seek the dissolution of Egypt's 32-year peace treaty with Israel. Another Brotherhood spokesman said that the Brotherhood would respect the treaty as long as "Israel shows real progress on improving the lot of the Palestinians."
Al Jazeera reports that during the Egyptian uprising, the Brotherhood was late coming in. However, it brought a sense or organization and plan on how to respond when then-President Mubarak's loyalists attacked the protesters.
It is unclear whether the conservative Islamic views of the Brotherhood will be adopted by younger generations or whether the young will change the nature of the Brotherhood. Some experts speculate that younger people are more concerned about economic change and freedoms.
One of the growing crowd of American "nones" herself, Deborah is a prolific writer who finds religion, spirituality and the impact of belief (and non-belief) on culture inspiring, fascinating and at times, disturbing. She hosts the God Discussion show and handles the site's technical work. Her education and background is in business, ecommerce and law.
Seek and you shall find …
Notes and Announcements
GodDiscussion.com is a news and review service targeted for the growing number of people who are not associated with organized religion (we're a Google news site). Our mission is to inform and to get people having all points of view communicating. Our writers and contributors are theist, atheist and maybe somewhere in between. See our about page.
Current poll: What do you think about religious displays on government property during the holiday season? During Christmas, should government be endorsing the Christian religion or do you care? Take a second to vote in our current poll.
Best-selling author and psychologist Dr. Darrel Ray is our special guest on the December 7 GodDiscussion show -- plus we'll be taking a look at the 2012 Hours Against Hate campaign sponsored by the U.S. State Department.
View the calendar for upcoming shows and guests.
Get Our Daily Feed
Get our daily news and article headlines by email or RSS feed. Subscribe to God Discussion
Recently posted …
- Christian fundamentalist Matt Barber wants to punch atheists in the mouth for not being able to erect nativity scene on public land
- Newly married same-sex couples celebrate in Seattle
- Kansas Governor Brownback teamed up with religious group, promoted 'Day of Restoration'
- IRS tax regulations for churches will likely remain unchanged
- Ugandan newspaper story fuels support for anti-gay legislation
- Climate deniers joined by US Senator James Inhofe at UN press conference
- Seven countries that include the death penalty for atheism
- Pastor Rick Joyner: I'm not convinced the 2012 election wasn't stolen; voting machines and foreign people stole votes for Obama
- West Point cadet Blake Page quits the Academy citing "too much religion" in its ranks